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Mykhajlo Hrushevsky

Encyclopedia of life and creativity


Encyclopedia of the life and creativity of
Mykhajlo Hrushevsky

Ukraina fara da se!


M.Hrushevsky's sign from mid-1890th

Mykhailo Sergijovych Hrushevsky (1866–1934) is an outstanding Ukrainian historian, specialist in literature, writer, publicist, public man, and statesman.

Mykhailo Hrushevski possessed inherited love to his country – Ukraine, all his acts, both great and small, being elucidated by his profound patriotic feelings. His fate, his destination were to become a custodian of the Ukraine’s national dignity, to assure for each Ukrainian human the right to be proud of being Ukrainian.

That is why all his projects – beginning from his fundamental “History of Ukraine-Rus”, Taras Shevchenko Scientific Society (actual Ukrainian Academy of Sciences), and such a unique phenomenon as Hrushevski’s scientific school, the first Ukrainian Parliament – so-called Ukrainian Central Rada (Central Legislative Council) – up to the smallest published note obeyed to the single objective: they were to “promote the national renaissance of Ukraine”. It is worth to understand M.Hrushevski was always working sincerely and with great passion.

Site sections

About this project

The objective of this project is to give to our readers the information, as full as possible, about M.S.Hrushevski, the information being easy accessible and gratis. We plan to publish his complete works, letters, documents concerning his scientific, public, and state-creating activities as well as scientific and popular publications helping to understand the significance of his personality; photo-gallery of portraits, autographs, and editions, M.Hrushevs’ki’s memorable places and monuments; a reference book containing names of persons, geographic names, editions, institutions etc. connected with M.Hrushevs’ki’s activities.

The collection of M.Hrushevs’ki’s works being now publishing in Lviv must become a foundation of this Project. In 2001–2012, only 12 volumes included in 50 planned ones have been published; that is why it is impossible to wait the completion of this edition before 2050. Not all readers of our site are so patient and able to expect up to the middle of the 21st century; so we are going to use all other accessible publications of M.Hrushevs’ki’s works, letters, and documents.

That is why the degree of editorial treatment of different texts in our site may be quite different. We tried, as far as possible, to publish them according to contemporary requirements for academic publications.

How to use Web publishing


Site visitors can use next features;

- take advantage of the full texts, browse photo galleries, use these materials in theis own works;

- easy to move between works by pressing Ctrl + cursor up (left) / down (right);

- search data you need via the search box in the upper right of the window;

- print documents you need using the "Print versoin" button;

- follow the news of our site;

- send mails to us with comments and suggestions;

- correct spelling errors, selecting them by mouse and pressing Ctrl+Enter;


To facilitate the reading of texts taken following font styles:

Style Value
Style With bold highlighted that M.Hrushevsky found necessary to highlight in his text, regardless of how fontware design of this selection.
Father With bold italic highlighted accents.
raison Highlighted words, which are explained. To see these explanations, one should move the mouse on the word – an explanation will appear in the hint bubble. In this way, given translations of foreign words (not to clog the main text) and rarely used synonyms of ukrainian words. To quotations I indicates the citation source.
[Note] In brackets on the darker background are given own notes of M.Hrushevsky to his works.
[Note] In brackets in gray are given editor's notes.

Paragraph numbers

Unique feature of our web edition: one can see the paragraph numbers and manipulate those numbers.

Double click this paragraph to see its number

To do this, double click the desired paragraph. At the end of its text a small panel will be appear that contains the paragraph number in brackets, and links with the letters C and B. When you click the link C[opy], you copy this paragraph URL to the clipboard and then can paste it into your document. By clicking the link with B[ookmark], you can add a bookmark at this paragraph to your browser.

To remove all panels, added in this way simply reload the document (in most browsers – press a F5 key).

Thus, each paragraph of Hrushevsky in our publication has its own URL, which allow you make accurate references to work as a whole or to its specific fragment.

Please be aware that B links are working only in MS Internet Explorer.

This site is elaborated by

– collaborators of the M.S.Hrushevs’ki Institute of Ukrainian Archeography and source studies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, under the guidance of Dr (PhD);

– collaborators of the Kyiv M.S.Hrushev’ki Museum, under the guidance of this Museum Director Svitlana Pan’kova;

– collaborators of a media publishing house “Myslene drevo”, under the guidance of Dr. (PhD, chemical sciences).


We invite all the persons interested in Mykhailo Hrushevski inheritance to take part in this site elaboration. You may help if you send us your papers (investigations) of scientific or popular character concerning M.Hrushevski and his environment (they are to be published in this site), electronic copies of rarity publications (they are to be used for further site enlargement), photos of memorial residences and landscapes as well as monuments of M.Hrushevski (they are to be published in our photo-gallery).

We will be also indebted for your material help in any way; we are also ready to discuss all your propositions concerning collaboration. Send them, please, using the mail form.

Our other sites

– ukrainian information resources for science and education
– encyclopedia of life and creativity
– encyclopedia of life and creativity
– encyclopedia of life and creativity
– ukrainian bibliography, links to full texts
Forefathers' glory – ukrainian sights – ukrainian sights and monuments